Curriculum and Instruction
Persistence /Content Standards/Technology
Curriculum and Lesson Plans/Program
State staff presentation made by Lennox McLendon
and Kathi Polis at 2007 State Directors' Conference in Philadelphia, PA
Education's Adult Learner Persistence website has an
interactive system for exploring adult learner
persistence issues. It includes suggestions on data collection, links to
relevant research, suggested program
practices (based on research), and questions for
evaluating your program.
Research and Articles
Adult Learner Retention Revisited (Kerka,
Build Motivation by Building Learner Participation
(Garner, B. 1998)
Getting into Groups (Pritza, M.
Getting to Class and Completing a Semester is Tough,
(Sticht, T. et al. 1998)
Improving Retention in Adult Basic Education and
Recommended Strategies for Effective Instructional and
Counseling Interventions (Quigley, B. 1997)
NCSALL’s Adult Persistence
Persistence among Adult Basic Education Students in Pre-GED
(Comings, J. Parrella, A,
& Soricone, L. 1999)
Helping Adults Persist: Four Supports,
pg. 6 (Comings, J. Parrella, A,
& Soricone, L. 2000)
Sponsors and Sponsorship,
pg 13 (Comings, J. & Cuban, S. 2002)
The K-12 School Experiences of High School Dropouts,
pg. 4 (Reder, S.
& Strawn, C. 2001)
Stopping Out, Not Dropping Out,
pg. 7 (Belzer, A. 1998)
Research to Practice: Increasing Retention Through Student
(Malitz, . & Nixon-Ponder,
Staying in a Literacy Program
Self Efficacy (Bandura, A. 1994)
The First Three Weeks: A Critical Time for Motivation
(Quigley, B. 1998)
Tips for Motivating Your Students
Where Attendance is Not a Problem (Lucey,
Strategies, Tips, and More
Adult Students: Recruitment and Retention
M. Wonacott, Practice Application Brief No. 18, ERIC Clearinghouse of
Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 2001
Reviews research on adult learner persistence and provides guidelines for
recruiting and retaining adult learners.
Considerations for Setting Realistic NRS Goals
and examples for setting realistic NRS goals related to employment,
postsecondary education, and GED.
Enhancing Adult Motivation to Learn: A Comprehensive Guide
for Teaching All Adults
R.J. Wlodkowski, Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1998
Revised edition offers culturally responsive practical advice and strategies
to enhance adults’ motivation to learn. Looks at theory and research on how
motivation affects instruction and highlights the integration of
motivational strategies into lesson plans.
Available for purchase from
Florida Adult Education Online Learning Center
– Improving Student Retention in Adult Education
A free, open-entry online professional
development course on student retention developed by the Florida Adult
Education Online Learning Center.
Group Goal Setting Activities: An Approach from Youth
Provides various options
for helping students set realistic goals.
Provides three goal
setting models including time required, size of group, materials, procedures
and rules, and discussion questions
National Adult Education Honor Society
Includes information on
the history, student eligibility, inducting students, getting started,
benefits, and nomination process.
NCSALL Study Circle Guide: Learner
Persistence in Adult Basic Education
The study circle is designed for adult
education practitioners who desire to explore specific topics, brainstorm
ideas, and develop strategies in a small group setting. This guide includes
everything needed to initiate a study circle on learner persistence
including handouts, readings, discussion questions, etc.
Seminar Guide: Helping Adults Persist.
This 3 ˝-hour seminar introduces adult education practitioners to the
research on adult student persistence, focusing on the positive and negative
forces that help and hinder persistence.
Seminar Guide: Supports and Barriers to
In this 4-hour seminar, participants explore reasons why students leave
programs and ways to support students, including sponsorship.
Seminar Guide: Self-efficacy in
This 3 ˝-hour seminar introduces adult education practitioners to the four
supports to adult student persistence identified in the research study.
Ordering Information for the Group
Embedded Figures Test
Ordering information for
the GEFT that assesses cognitive style and analytical ability.
Recruitment and Retention in Adult Education Programs
The Central Illinois Adult Education Service Center (CIAESC)
This manual addresses possible reasons for the drop in the retention rate
for adult learners and for their academic failure and offers procedures for
identifying those most at risk of dropping out. The 200 strategies in this
manual are designed to empower learners, establish group cohesion,
facilitate the identification of goals, and encourage participation.
Strategies are categorized as follows: User-Friendly Strategies, Responsive
Strategies, Empowering Strategies, Personal and Relevant Strategies, and
Recruitment Issues and
Strategies for Adults Who Are Not Currently Participating in Literacy and
Adult Basic Education (ABE) Programs
A. Kohring, C. White, and M. Ziegler, 1999
Discusses some techniques, tools, and strategies for recruiting adult
learners using various marketing and public relations methods. Also reviews
other issues related to recruitment and lists suggestions for strategies to
test in ABE or literacy programs.
Student/Teacher Evaluation and Planning Session (STEPS)
Provides a detailed
process for setting up and implementing regularly scheduled planning
sessions between adult students and teachers.
Content Standards Warehouse
This site supports adult educators in their efforts to develop, align,
and implement content standards in English language acquisition (ELA),
mathematics, and reading.
Use this site to:
View a wide range of useful content standards
Develop content standards
Plan professional development
Design standards-based curriculum and instruction
Nevada's Content Standards for Adult ESL Programs
The Nevada Content Standards, developed in
partnership with the National CASAS Consortium Content Standards Technical
Work Group, is the cornerstone of Adult Education in Nevada in delivering
effective instruction by aligning instruction, instructional resources, and
Arizona's English Language Acquisition for Adults Content Standards
identify core elements of second (and other) language learning that are
important, yet general enough to relate to adult education contexts
throughout the state of Arizona. Listening and Speaking, Writing, and
Reading are the primary indicators because they are the skills that permeate
all language learning contexts. Language functions, such as
giving/following directions reflect general purposes for language use.
Crucial to the functions is supporting grammar and mechanics.
Adult Education Technology Standards
The Maryland Adult Education Learner Technology Standards are designed
to guide teachers in designing instruction that is supported by
technology. The Adult Education Teacher Technology Standards specify
what a teacher should know and be able to do to implement the full range
of adult learner technology standards in instruction. The teacher
standards are meant to provide a guide and ensure consistency across
programs and classrooms. While the standards guide instruction, the
integration of technology will be individualized to achieve learner and
local program goals.
Adult Ed Technology Standards for
has developed a list of technology standards for teachers that includes a
rubric and sample activities to illustrate many of the items.
Curriculum and Lesson Plans
Arizona STAR Curriculum and Instruction
Maine: A Thematic Approach to Teaching Reading Strategies
Maine: Preparing for College and Workplace Writing: A
Curriculum for EFL 6 Adult Learners
Maine: Quality Curriculum Evaluation Rubric
California Adult Learner Persistence Project is an interactive site that
gives you links to persistence information and guides in the development of
a plan to improve learner persistence at a local agency or school.
Job Readiness Curriculum -
Hit the Ground Running
This curriculum, developed by West Virginia's Adult Education Program,
is designed to help adult learners who are preparing for employment or
entry into a job training program. The curriculum consists of
three components: (1) applied basic skills as measured by the
WorkKeys assessments, (2) computer literacy, and (3) work readiness
skills. An online version is also available.
Tennessee Adult ESOL Curriculum Resource Book
The 520 page Tennessee
Adult ESOL Curriculum Resource Book was developed by Tennessee ESOL
practitioners whose purpose was to provide English language instruction for
limited English proficient adults. The content is compatible with principles
of language acquisition for adult learners of English and includes skills
useful in workplace, life, and academic applications. Skills are integrated
into reading, writing, speaking and listening formats. It is not intended
that students progress through this
sequentially. The instructor may present topic-centered lessons that
integrate skills from several areas.
Student Learning Plans
These lesson plans
developed by Tennessee teachers are to be inserted in the Tennessee Adult
ESOL Curriculum Resource Book after page 322.
Lessons from the Holocaust
orientation and study skills course designed for Tennessee Families First
adult education classes
The State Staff Workgroup is in the process of developing Program Analysis
Charts, tools that state adult education staff can use to assist local programs
in making informed decisions related to instructional management. The
charts consist of a series of questions, helpful hints, and state-developed
resources that programs can use to strengthen their instructional delivery
When completed, the program analysis charts will
1. Student Recruitment
Student Intake and Orientation
4. Planning and Instruction
5. Student Retention
6. Student Accountability and Evaluation
7. Professional Development
8. Program Evaluation
KEY - Newsletter for New
Readers The KEY is a current events newsletter written on a
sixth grade reading level and funded through the Wisconsin State Adult
Education Office. The newsletter includes an insert with ideas for
teachers on how to incorporate the KEY into their classes. The
newsletter was recognized as one of the LINCS "Hot Sites of Distinction."
Online Resource Center - click on the ABE/ESL navigational bar for
access to short online lessons in subjects such as English, reading,
science, social studies, math, family literacy, ESL, and financial literacy.
(funded by the Wisconsin State Adult Education Office)